An extract of black pepper is piperine. This compound increases vitamin and mineral absorption by as much as 250% or more. Piperine also has anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, and anti-depression activity. It can also help lower blood pressure, regulate vasodilation and boost the immune system.
Bang, J.S., et al. Anti-inflammatory and antiarthritic effects of piperine in human interleukin 1Ã¢-stimulated fibroblast-like synoviocytes and in rat arthritis models. Arthritis Research and Therapy. 2009;11:R49.
Lee, S.A., et al. Piperine from the fruits of Piper longum with Inhibitory Effect on Monoamine Oxidase and Antidepressant-like activity. Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 2005;53(7):832-835.
Shoba, G., et al. Influence of Piperine on the Pharmacokinetics of Curcumin in Animals and Human Volunteers. Planta Med. 1998;64(4):353-356.
Sunila, E.S., and G. Kuttan. Immunomodulatory and antitumor activity of Piper Longum Linn. and piperine. Journal of Enthopharmacology. 2004;90(203):339-346.
Taqvi, S., at al. Blood Pressure Lowering and Vasomodulator Effects of Piperine. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology. 2008;52(5):452-458.